Hydranencephaly after Maternal Butane-gas Intoxication during Pregnancy . Hydranence’phalie apr.?s intoxication maternelle par le gaz butane durant la. Autoerotic Accident by Inhalation of Propane-Butane Gas Mixture Toxicologic investigations revealed an intoxication with propane and butane .. kan ve doku örneklerinde gaz komponentlerinin analizinin yap›labilmesi tan›. Butane is a colourless and flammable gas with a gasoline-like or natural gas This paper discusses the medico-legal approach for this type of intoxication.

Author: Gogrel Zuk
Country: Jamaica
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Photos
Published (Last): 4 July 2005
Pages: 235
PDF File Size: 3.3 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.44 Mb
ISBN: 274-2-19892-633-1
Downloads: 79548
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tom

Several case reports of intentional butane exposure indicate that butane induces neurotoxicity.

The study was on the warning properties of several alkanes. Thalamus, Hirnstamm und Kleinhirn waren erhalten. Case Reports Substance abuse is one of the predominant causes of death from butane intoxication.

Intocication is primarily used by refineries to enhance increase the octane number of motor gasoline. Users may maintain the intoxicatkon by continuing to inhale the fumes. Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol ; 52 l: In nonfatal cases, butane appears to have frequently affected the heart and brain.

A study of cyclic and noncyclic hydrocarbons on cardiac automaticity; pp.

Butane | C4H10 – PubChem

Non Fluorinated Propellants and Solvents for Aerosols. GABA A receptor positive modulators. Animals were killed immediately after exposure. The exposure duration and concentration of butane were not reported, nor was the amount of time that elapsed before resuscitation commenced.

Suicide by Inhalation of Suffocative Gas

Suicide by propane-butane inhalation. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine. The animals were observed for 48 h after exposure. The 2-h LC 01 for mice isppm and the 4-h LC 01 for rats isppm. Butane is produced from raw natural gas and from petroleum streams obtained by catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, and other refining processes.


When oxygen is plentiful, butane burns to form carbon dioxide and water vapor; when oxygen is limited, carbon soot or carbon monoxide may also be formed.

Department of Commerce, Bureau of Mines; Light and complete anesthesia occurred in mice exposed to initial concentrations of butane atppm within 25 min andppm within 15 min.

Raman Spectroscopy Study of n -Pentane and n -Butane”. Carcinogenicity studies and studies on reproductive toxicity are lacking. Ultraschall- und neuroradiologische Intoxxication CT Scan und Angiographie zeigten ein fast vollstandiges Fehlen beider Hirnhemispharen.

The patient was discharged 10 days after admittance to the hospital. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation.

No further details were presented on actual exposure concentrations. Fatal propaneputane poisoning [in German] pp. The Royal Society of Chemistry. The fixed exposure concentrations were approximately 1, 2, 5, 7, 10, 20, andppm. Subjects were exposed at slowly increasing concentrations up to 50, ppm continuous exposure test, total exposure was at least 10 minbytane by exposure to fixed exposure concentrations for a short duration exact duration unknown on the same day intermittent exposure test.

Log In Sign Up. Tetracarbane never recommended [3]. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Because it is easily accessible, butane is often used in inhalant abuse. Rats Shugaev exposed rats sex and strain not specified to varying concentrations of butane for 4 h. The results of the key study in mice are comparable with the results from a second study in mice.

Some portions of the brain may be preserved, most commonly the orbital surfaces of the frontal lobes, basal ganglia and thalamus Raybaud By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Although the AEGL values represent threshold concentrations for the general public, including susceptible subpopulations, such as infants, children, the elderly, persons with asthma, and those with other illnesses, it is recognized that individuals, subject to idiosyncratic responses, could experience the effects described at concentrations below the corresponding AEGL.


A year-old girl without zu history of butane abuse inhaled butane intermittently over a 2-h period. A yearold girl, without history of butane abuse, butanw been inhaling butane intermittently over a period of 2 h. Les ktudes Cchographiques et neuroradiologiques scanner et angiographie ont montrk une absence pratiquement complbte des deux hCmisphbres ckr6braux. A number of fatal and nonfatal cases related to butane abuse or suicide attempts have been described.

This paper discusses the medico-legal approach for this type of intoxication cases. Downloads Download data is not yet available.

Suicide by Inhalation of Suffocative Gas | The Bulletin of Legal Medicine

An intraspecies uncertainty factor of 1 is considered adequate because the concentration-response curve for CNS-effects appears to be very steep; thus, interindividual variability will be relatively small. Other viscera were reported to be unremarkable.

Odor thresholds and irritation levels of several chemical substances: Click here to sign up. On the basis of these data, n is estimated to be greater than 4 after accounting for a small decrease in concentration during the min exposure 3.

Monkeys No data were available. Butane sniffing causing ventricular fibrillation; p. At 50, ppm, irregular breathing and dazed appearance during second hour of exposure, but animals were able to walk. Shugaev exposed rats sex and strain not specified to varying concentrations of butane for 4 h.